JPods was selected by GE as one of the Top 100 energy innovations out of 3,883 ideas submitted to the Ecomagination Challenge.
Self-reliant Transport for Economic Lifeboats
Problem: Congestion, pollution, accidents, climate change and ratcheting higher gasoline prices illustrate the massive mis-application of automobile technology in cities, corporate welfare to support the sale of cars and oil. Federal taxing to build infrastructure is unconstitutional; infrastructure is State Sovereignty. Instead of free markets where buyers volunteer to pay for value, taxpayers coerced by tax policy. Prior to 1950 owning a car was not mandatory. To be economically competitive today, Americans must buy oil and cars. Citizens too young, to old, too poor too disabled to own a car a severely discriminated against. All American are exposed to Oil Famine, the monolithic dependence on a source of energy 50% outside our control that we much borrow to buy and fight endless wars to protect.
Intent: Repeat the successful re-tooling of communications infrastructure (analog to digital to wireless) in urban transportation infrastructure displacing 70% of oil-powered transport with JPods Networks that are 10 times more efficient per unit of economic work. Reduce US oil needs to within domestic production capacity and powering urban transportation within a solar budget by 2020.
Objective: By 2022 JPods, allies and competitors profitably displace 70% of urban oil-powered transport with networks 10 times more efficient, creating 5 million jobs, increasing disposable income by $5,000 per family, building economic lifeboats in the communities we serve.
Concept: This is a gigantic task. Take the ant approach to eating an elephant, small bites, lots of friends. Start small, in niches where the automobile is inconvenient, where there are a lot of shuttle vans where paybacks are less than 3 years. Do not solve the world's problem, solve someone's problem. Iterate relentlessly.
JPods - create the technology - currently workable. Need manufacturing base, additional engineering.
JPods - create a market - agreements reached for the first 3 networks:
Currently we have $300k to get building permits. Close this round of financing by Jan 9 to raise $500k.
In Feb-Mar raise $20 million and begin construction of Kitty Hawk Networks.
Nov 2010, sell networks to Local Mobility Companies for $40 million. Establishing the model similar to the Transcontinental Railroad deployment and that re-tooling is profitable.
JPods - by July 4 - put into operation the Kitty Hawk Networks, shifting the paradigm in urban transportation.
All - on going - Rally allies to lead an effort to build a economic lifeboat for their local community in vast numbers.
All - on going - Like the Internet and cell networks, incrementally deploy networks. Iterate relentlessly.
Hedgehog Concept (as noted in the book Good to Great
Passion for: Mobility. Mobility, like freedom of association and speech, is an aspect of liberty.
Best in the World at: On-demand commuter range, repetitive transport of payloads less than 1200 pounds.
Metric: Profit per passenger/cargo kilometer.
Logistics and Finance:
Cycle capital in two forms:
Private capital free to innovate, pick best network locations based on payback and operate with Lean Thinking.
Sell networks constructed weekly to Local Mobility Companies (LMC's). Similar to ISP's for the Internet, these will be primarily locally owned company that will operate the networks for profit tuned to the needs of the local market.
Organize bonding mechanism to support the LMC's purchase of networks. So the bonds are paid back from farebox sales.
Create government backed bonds where network operations support public policy objectives. The Transcontinental Railroads provide a historically successful case study. The book Nothing Like It in the World provides good background.
Communications by publish is more reliable, persistent and accessible than messaging via email. Resources are provided for collaborating via pubishing on the web. Secure features and individualized features can be added as needed.
Here is a link to references to the facts stated in this email.
Here is link to a forum page where comments can be added by the community.
Common frame of reference for driving a paradigm shift:
Good to Great by Jim Collins, how to change an organization from being good to greatness. The Stockdale paradox of unwavering faith we will prevail while facing the most brutal facts of the current reality. The flywheel principle of incremental, yet relentless improvement.
Nothing Like It in the World by Stephen Ambrose, how the Transcontinental Railroads were built. Private construction capital (risk on the innovators) reinforced by government backed bonds once networks were in operation and achieving public policy objectives.
The Black Swan by Nassim Taleb, how to make decisions without being the turkey, dealing with uncertainty. The turkey wakes everyday to kind feeding by humans. Everyday its experience reinforces that life is stable and good; just like oil. "Empty suits" the experts who aren't.
The Tipping Point by Malcolm Gladwell, how change happens.
Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell, who makes the changes and the decade of preparation required. JPods has our decade of preparation.
The Wisdom of Crowds by James Surowiecki, Why free markets and democracies work. The transportation section underscores why customers are better than experts at designing what customers are willing to pay for.
Positively Outrageous Service by T. Scott Gross, on why companies that listen to their customers succeed.
Innovate Like Edison by Michael Gelb and Sarah Miller Caldicott, little contrived but great quotes and background on tinkering process of Edison and his team.
Einstein and His Universe, institutional resistance to changes from the current "know-how" to a different "know-what". Despite a massive mail campaign seeking a teaching job, took 4+ years after publishing the Special Theory of Relativity and Proof of Quantum Mechanics and proof the atoms and molecules for Einstein to get a teaching job; it is easier to change physics than to change minds.
PB-244854, Congressional Office of Technology Assessment study that is a blueprint of oil independent cities, 1975. It also warned "Finally, institutional failures may have hindered implementation."
Background: CSX railroad commercials note how they "move a ton 423 miles on one gallon of fuel." Freight rail averages over 400 ton-miles per gallon because they operate on efficient rails and do not repetitively start-stop. So, if we know it is practical to move a ton at 400 miles per gallon, why do we move a person at 18 mpg?
Stockdale Paradox: Unwavering faith that we will prevail while facing the most brutal facts of our current reality. From the book Good to Great in reference to a conversation with Admiral Stockdale about what was required to survive the Hanoi Hilton. The lesson also applies to changing organizations from good to great.
Mobilizing to fight World War I, transportation, communications and power generation infrastructure was socialized as "natural monopolies". Policy makers instituted bureaucracies that lock in time the great innovations at their founding of Ford, Edison, Bell and the Wright Brothers. For a century we have had little innovation:
Between 2002 and 2006 gas price increases cut working family disposable income by $2,000 per year forcing more and more to choose between paying for their commute and mortgage until the banking system collapsed exposing vast policy errors. There will be no lasting economic recovery until we recover this disposable income. Three immediate benefits of JPods will be:
Jobs to build infrastructure paid for by oil savings.
Increase disposable income by saving families a car payment per month.
Maintaing the oil-powered infrastructure through 2020 will cost between $27 and $57 trillion (IEA & Congress).
We seem almost blind to geologically slowly approaching crisis. The facts of Peak Oil have been known since 1956 and proven since US Peak Oil in 1970. Admiral Rickover warned of this in 1957. Peak Oil is not the end of oil. There is plenty of oil left. Peak Oil is about the size of spigot. The second half of oil fields are much slower to extract than the first half. Add up all the oil fields in the world and we went into the second half in 2005, peaking at 74 mbd. Conventional crude oil yields 20:1 net energy (energy available versus energy required to get energy). Oil sands yields 3:1. Oil shale 2:1. Biofuels 1.1:1. Both quantity and quality matter.
The IEA notes that conventional crude oil
Joint Forces Command (all US military services) just released the Joint Operating Environment 2010 with the energy comment: "By 2012, surplus oil production capacity could entirely disappear, and as early as 2015, the shortfall in output could reach nearly 10 million barrels per day."
"A severe energy crunch is inevitable without a massive expansion of production and refining capacity. While it is difficult to predict precisely what economic, political, and strategic effects such a shortfall might produce, it surely would reduce the prospects for growth in both the developing and developed worlds. Such an economic slowdown would exacerbate other unresolved tensions, push fragile and failing states further down the path toward collapse, and perhaps have serious economic impact on both China and India. At best, it would lead to periods of harsh economic adjustment. To what extent conservation measures, investments in alternative energy production, and efforts to expand petroleum production from tar sands and shale would mitigate such a period of adjustment is difficult to predict. One should not forget that the Great Depression spawned a number of totalitarian regimes that sought economic prosperity for their nations by ruthless conquest."
"Energy production and distribution infrastructure must see significant new investment if energy demand is to be satisfied at a cost compatible with economic growth and prosperity."
"The discovery rate for new petroleum and gas fields over the past two decades (with the possible exception of Brazil) provides little reason for optimism that future efforts will find major new fields."
Foward by General James N Mattis
Economic Growth based on Oil Supply Growth ended in 2005. Correlation for the past 50 years shows 3 distinct patterns. Oil Supply Growth (Green) is available power. Disposable Income (Gold) illustrates economic work. Economic Growth (Blue) is momentum. Oil production peaked in 2005 at 74 mbd. Disposable Income and Economic momentum has been decaying for the past 5 years. Projecting that momentum over the next 5 years indicates the risks and reason to become self-reliant.
Small, lower right insert graph shows World Oil Production. Below is a larger version of this graph showing Production and Net Energy available to power the economy. The economy is powered by energy. Oil energy and the net quality of oil are deleting faster than new fields can be found and developed.
We have known this would happen for half a century, but central planning and subsidies distorted people's perception and how we cause markets to adapt. Aware of daily feedings, the turkey is comfortably unaware of Thanksgiving; people are unaware Peak Oil. Unstable oil prices were our last warning. Oil will be back to $100 by summer. By 2012 our third largest supplier, Mexico will deplete below their domestic consumption. Mexico's fields are depleting at 8.9% per year.
Re-tooling, we can have 10 times the energy efficiency and service of pre-World War I people. Think of the better service and lower energy of cell phones to Bell's analog networks. Just like the reduction in communication costs from innovation, we can increase working families disposable income by $5,000 by cutting transport costs in half through network innovation.
Currently, we seem blind to geologically slowly approaching civilization killers such as of Peak Oil. Government socialization policies protected from competition century old transport and power networks . We have an interesting choice to cut energy consumption 85% per passenger mile or nature will cut the number of passengers by 85%.
Economic Lifeboats: The solution to global economic, political and environmental problems is local action -- become self-reliant in your local economic community. Lifeboat paradox is that if every community has one, they will not be needed.
Preempting waste is profitable. Profit is necessary so action adds strength for more action. Iterative process.
Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) or Podcars was a solution calculated to solve the 1973 Oil Embargo (Congressional Office of Technology Assessment Study PB-244854). A heavy weight PRT network opened in Morgantown, WV in 1975 and has delivered 110 million injury-free passenger miles. Modern networks at Heathrow, Upsalla and Masdar. JPods patented an improvement to PRT on the use of distributed collaborative computer networks to move physical packets.
Do we use them? Oh, no! We burn up wood and coal, as renters burn up the front fence for fuel. We live like squatters, not as if we owned the property.
There must surely come a time when heat and power will be stored in unlimited quantities in every community, all gathered by natural forces. Electricity ought to be as cheap as oxygen...."
Solar and wind quality, Net Energy, is very potent. Most organism on Earth live within a solar budget.
But listening to central planners and power experts disparage wind and solar energy is amazingly similar to listening main frame computer experts talking about Personal Computers in the 1980's. As a distributed, collaborative network of these devices grows it will be as amazingly efficient as the distributed collaborative network of small devices that form the Internet and cell networks. JPods has a number of patents to submit in this area.
Germany's Feed-in Tariffs (FIT's) unleashed small business innovation in power generation. Vast numbers of jobs and power are being generated because small businesses can adapt to exploit small niches that large central power plants cannot address.