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The Performance Standards Law needs to be passed at every level of sovereignty to grant access to government Rights of Way based on exceeding 5 times the efficiency of highways and collecting at least 2 megawatt-hours per mile of network per day. This is a very simple bill

The reason to regulate based on theme park standards are:

  • Departments of Transportation have a commercial interest to stifle competing networks.
  • Communities specifically focused on pedestrians.
  • Safety record thousands of times better than DOTs.
  • Existing enforcement industry
  • Existing insurance industry. 
  • Existing common law. DOTs use Sovereign Immunity to avoid accountability.  

The Physical Internet® will deploy just as the Internet did, in niches. With such Performance Standards Law, niche will form and alternative networks will deploy. As Wisdom from the Many sort between choices, the best solution will propagate. The gaps are opportunities for more choices.

Parasitic Energy Ratio

This is a very simplified way to think about waste based on the parasitic mass we are paying to move. By multiplying the applications of power (start-stops) times the kinetic energy of the moving mass divided by the payload mass the constants and velocity squared cancel to provide a relatively simplified formula. 

Moving a two tons to move a person in repetitively start-stop traffic is very expensive, wasteful, and polluting   

This is also a good way to understand the value of a gallon of gasoline. Steps:

  1. Park your car in your driveway empty of gasoline.
  2. Put in one gallon.
  3. Get 5 of your strongest friends.
  4. Drive until you run out of gas.
  5. Push your car home.

A barrel of oil, 42 gallons, is the equivalent of 12 energy slaves.

Economic Work as measured by Costs per Passenger-mile

Two costs must be considered, those capitalized into the price of the actual transportation and those socialized into pollution and resource depletion against the welfare of Posterity. The following graph uses MassDOT data to compare cost per passenger-mile and pollution per passenger-mile for various modes of transportation.

  • Solar-powered mobility networks have no operational pollution and much lower cost of operation. 
  • Mass transit buses produce more pollution per passenger-mile than cars. 
  • Mass transit trains are nearly as polluting as cars.

Net Energy: Economically useful energy per unit of energy required to obtain that energy. Oil used to be 100:1 but has depleted to 3:1. Solar is 25:1 for wind and 20:1 for photovoltaics. Very good 18 minute summary of Energy Economics.  Candidates and policies that support improved Net Energy will create jobs from surplus energy.

Thomas Edison was correct when he observed in 1910 that:

"Sunshine is spread out thin and so is electricity. Perhaps they are the same, Sunshine is a form of energy, and the winds and the tides are manifestations of energy.”

“Do we use them? Oh, no! We burn up wood and coal, as renters burn up the front fence for fuel. We live like squatters, not as if we owned the property.

“There must surely come a time when heat and power will be stored in unlimited quantities in every community, all gathered by natural forces. Electricity ought to be as cheap as oxygen...."


Food Metrics: A typical person needs about 2,000 food calories, or 2,000 kcal per day with little physical activity. This equates to 2.33 kWh or 1 megawatt-hour per year. People who are physically active it may be significantly higher (30 – 150% more). 

Energy ConsumptionThe typical American uses 88.5 megaWatt-Hours of energy per year. Cutting all energy use 45% would put the average American at 48.7 megaWatt-Hours, or roughly the same as the 47.2 megaWatt-Hours used by the average German.

Economic Work: energy and transportation should thought of aspects of creating and delivering economic value.  The physics definition of work is force applied to mass. The economy is a momentum artifact, a flywheel of labor applying energy to produce, store and distribute energy. Life requires energy.  If I had a choice, money would be back by energy, not debt or gold. 






Ref:  "Is the technology off the shelf ready?"


The technology to power our lives within a solar budget are mundane. If you can ride vertically in an elevator, why should you not be able to go horizontally by similar mechanism? JPods are incredibly simple mechanics and clever software programming. You can see similar technologies:

  • At Kiva Systems ($33 million investment from Bain Capital in mid-2000s and sold themselves to 
  • The Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) network built in Morgantown, WV as a solution to the 1973 Oil Embargo has delivered 110 million oil-free, injury-free passenger-miles (link to video, Congressional Office of Technology Assessment study PB-244854, audit and letter from the Mayor of Morgantown). 
  • Hyperloop and ET3. Why are governments funding magnetic levitation of a thousand-ton train when a 400 pound pod can be deviated in a vacuum tube and travel using 1/50th the energy. 

Metrics for Sustainable Infrastructure are:

  • Disposable Energy
  • Net Energy
  • CO2 per Passenger-mile (per unit of Economic Work)
  • Economic Work, Cost per Passenger-mile (per unit of Economic Work)
  • Parasitic Energy Ratio

Disposable Energy: How much energy can people buy with their take-home-pay. How much energy can people afford to pursuit happiness? How much energy can labor buy to apply to building enonomic momentum.


Real Estate Savings and Green Space Recovery

Gas Prices as Unemployment Forecaster

US Oil Production As Metric of Economic Security

"Energy resources are the reserve account behind currency. The economy can grow as long as there is surplus affordable energy in that account." Art Berman

The energy behind the US dollar is depleting at the rate of 1 million barrel per day per year.

To change the energy behind their economies:

Changing the lifeblood of American from oil to ingenuity will create millions of jobs, save families a car payment per month. The risk in America is that the crisis of 2008 will repeat by between 2017 and 2020 as gas prices crush jobs. Since Peak Fracking in June 2015 the US has the equivalent of one 1973 Oil Embargo less energy. By 2017 this will be three. It will be a nightmare.  

Steps to take:

  • Recognize Illicit Energy, dependence on energy outside self-reliance. Federal support for Illicit Energy from foreign oil repeats the Path to War of Federal support for Illicit Energy from slavery. 
  • Face the brutal fact that US Peak Oil was in 1970
  • Leverage transportation as the catalyst for changing energy systems

Transportation has always been the catalyst for changing energy systems:

  • Paddle a canoe, build a water wheel.

  • Sail a boat, build a windmill.

  • Ride a horse, harness a horse to a plow.

  • Railroads in the 1860s allowed the extraction industries to scale from $100 a barrel for oil to $3.

  • JPods and other solar-powered mobility networks will result in displacing fossil fuels with solar.

It requires a 10x cost savings for people to change their habits. Luck for use, solar-powered mobility networks have cost savings of 10x (over cars) and 10x to 50x (over mass transit). People will vote for policies that increase jobs and save them a car payment per month. 

As with the near century of rotary dial telephones under Federal monopoly, the barrier to transportation innovation is the unconstitutional Federal highway monopoly. Here is a 2006 Fox News story on the gargage quality JPods network.

Fox News Story JPods 2006, Garage Quality from Bill James on Vimeo.


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