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Case Studies

Root Requirement
Capitalizing any project requires Due Diligence that documents a known route, with known needs, known cost of regulations. 
 
Case Studies in success and failure of transportation innovations:
  1. Success: Transcontinental Railroads
    • Capitalizing: Began in 1840.
      • Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 failed to create a framework worthy of attracting capital becaues of a first lean on the railroads by the Federal government.
      • Pacific Railroad Act of 1864 corrected the defects and money started pooring into to build the networks.
    • Route: Theodore Judah made specifc route documentation and multiple trips between California and Washington DC to get the route adopted.
    • Known Needs: Cost of a trip between NYC and San Francisco in 1862 was $1,000 (in 1862 dollars) and six months. With the completion of the railroad in 1869 the cost was $47 and two weeks.
    • Known Cost of Regulations: Governmnents accepted the railroads would be self-regulated.
  2. Success: Morgantown PRT
    • Capitalization: Federally funded because President Nixon understood US Peak Oil was in 1970 and as part of his environmental efforts to win votes by addressing the issues documented in Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring.
    • known route: Rights of way were granted as a political favor through the efforts of Senator Byrd.
    • known needs: Connect two university campus to replace a 30-minute bus ride.
    • known cost of regulations: Governments accepted the PRT would be self-regulated at no outside cost.
  3. Documentation: Congressional Study "Automated Guideway Transit" documents the barriers to building networks like Morgantown's PRT. It identifies Morgantown's PRT as the likely solution to traffic and oil problems. Those who do not leverage the insights and authority of this study have poor judgment and are likely to fail.
  4. Failure: Cabintaxi
    • Capitalization: German government
    • known route: Built as a demonstration in 1972 and ran for 18 months.
    • known needs: Built as a demonstration. Torn down after several years of operation for no value.
    • known cost of regulations: Self-regulated at no outside cost
  5. Failure: Raytheon
    • Capitalization: $50 million
    • known route: Built as a demon serving no market.
    • known needs: No need filled
    • known cost of regulations: Unknown
  6. Failure: Taxi2000
    • Capitalization: Privately raised several million dollars
    • known route: None.
    • known needs: Built demo in a wareho.
    • known cost of regulations: Undefined
  7. Failure: Vectus
    • Capitalization: Private capital $50 million
    • known route: Demonstration.
    • known needs: None.
    • known cost of regulations: Swedish Railroad Regulation
  8. Failure: SkyTran
    • Capitalization: Private capital between $25 and $50 million
    • known route: None.
    • known needs: None.
    • known cost of regulations: Undefined
  9. Unknow: Ultra at Heathrow Airport. The system has not expanded beyond initial effort in a decade but still operating.
    • Capitalization: Private capital between $25 and $50 million
    • known route: None.
    • known needs: None.
    • known cost of regulations: Undefined
  10. Unknow: Ultra and 2GetThere at Masdar. The systems have not expanded beyond initial effort in a decade but still operating.
    • Capitalization: 
    • known route: None.
    • known needs: None.
    • known cost of regulations: Undefined
  11. Unknown: Boring Company in Las Vegas
  12. Unknown: Hyperloop Certification Center
    • Capitalization: Private capital of $500 million
    • known route: None.
    • known needs: None.
    • known cost of regulations: Undefined
  13. Success: Tesla self-driving cars

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