Unfortunately, after years of effort, 2016 was a very bad year for innovation in Massachusetts. The Governor, his staff, legisalators, and city officials killed legislation that would have allowed solutions to Oil Famine and Climate Change to be deployed. As a result of delays, in the next few years consequences of Oil Famine, and then Climate Change will cost vast numbers of lives in Massachusetts.
The Bill currently in the Joint Transportation Committee. When this bill becomes law, bureacracies will have to write reasons they are rejecting transportation networks that can be built without taxpayer expense that exceed 5 times the gas mileage of automobiles. This will allow Boston to become an 8-80 City (watch video).
Two page summary sheet of how #1837 will retool Massachusetts mobility by recovering $3 billion/year in customer savings and $6 billion/year in profitable revenue from the $19.9 billion/year spent on traffic (print version and email version).
Congestion can solved by recovering $9 billion a year from the $19.9 billion a year traffic costs the people of Massachusetts. Once liberty to choose mobility solutions is restored, as specified by Massachusetts Senate Bill #1837, people will choose cleaner, faster, safer, and more affordable mobility networks than government mandated highways and mass transit.
Yearly traffic costs in Massachusetts are about $15.7 billion:
$6.7 billion per year sent of foreign gasoline (link) ($2.40 per gallon).
Yet, radically safer and more efficient transportation is very well understood:
Freight railroads average 476 ton-miles per gallon (link).
The Personal Rapid Transit (PRT or podcar) network in Morgantown has delivered 110 million oil-free, injury-free passenger-miles since being built as a solution to the 1973 Oil Embargo in 1975. In that same period of zero injuries, 1.7 million Americans died on the government highway monopoly. Highway accidents are not accidents. Who they happen to is random, that they happen is a design feature of the highway network.
In addition, Massachusetts was founded and liberty established powered within a solar budget. In 1910 Thomas Edison noted it was practical to have all the electrical energy we need provided by sunshine:
"Sunshine is spread out thin and so is electricity. Perhaps they are the same, Sunshine is a form of energy, and the winds and the tides are manifestations of energy..... Do we use them? Oh, no! We burn up wood and coal, as renters burn up the front fence for fuel. We live like squatters, not as if we owned the property.... There must surely come a time when heat and power will be stored in unlimited quantities in every community, all gathered by natural forces. Electricity ought to be as cheap as oxygen...."
The Reason Massachusetts Senate Bill #1837 is critical is commercializing innovation requires the Rule of Law. Violating the Rule of Law, the Federal communications monopoly resulted in nearly a century of rotary telephones. Millions of jobs were created delivering better services at lower costs after that monopoly was declared unconstitutional in 1982.
Federal violation of the Constitution in communications illustrates
As with the Federal communications monopoly, the Federal transportation monoply protects from competition better networks. Nearly half the freight railroads were bankrupt after The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 removed efficiency as a market force in 1956. DOTs have suppressed efforts to repeat the success of Morgantown's PRT network.
The people of this commonwealth have the sole and exclusive right of governing themselves, as a free, sovereign, and independent state; and do, and forever hereafter shall, exercise and enjoy every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not, or may not hereafter, be by them expressly delegated to the United States of America in Congress assembled.
All power residing originally in the people, and being derived from them, the several magistrates and officers of government, vested with authority, whether legislative, executive, or judicial, are their substitutes and agents, and are at all times accountable to them.
No man, nor corporation, or association of men, have any other title to obtain advantages, or particular and exclusive privileges, distinct from those of the community, than what arises from the consideration of services rendered to the public; and this title being in nature neither hereditary, nor transmissible to children, or descendants, or relations by blood, the idea of a man born a magistrate, lawgiver, or judge, is absurd and unnatural.
Government is instituted for the common good; for the protection, safety, prosperity and happiness of the people; and not for the profit, honor, or private interest of any one man, family, or class of men: Therefore the people alone have an incontestable, unalienable, and indefeasible right to institute government; and to reform, alter, or totally change the same, when their protection, safety, prosperity and happiness require it.
In order to prevent those, who are vested with authority, from becoming oppressors, the people have a right, at such periods and in such manner as they shall establish by their frame of government, to cause their public officers to return to private life; and to fill up vacant places by certain and regular elections and appointments.
First, That it be explicitly declared that all Powers not expressly delegated by the aforesaid Constitution are reserved to the several States to be by them exercised.
Fourthly, That Congress do not lay direct Taxes but when the Monies arising from the Impost & Excise are insufficient for the publick exigencies nor then until Congress shall have first made a requisition upon the States to assess levy & pay their respective proportions of such Requisition agreeably to the Census fixed in the said Constitution; in such way & manner as the Legislature of the States shall think best, & in such case if any State shall neglect or refuse to pay its proportion pursuant to such requisition then Congress may assess & levy such State's proportion together with interest thereon at the rate of Six per cent per annum from the time of payment prescribed in such requisition
Fifthly, That Congress erect no Company of Merchants with exclusive advantages of commerce.